Pediatric Urinalysis in Long Island, NY
The substances found within our body can tell a story about how it works and how well it functions. Sometimes, screening a urine sample can be the most effective way to discover what is going on inside our bodies. At Pediatrics of Long Island, we provide urinalysis as one of the many screening services utilized to ensure that your child stays as healthy as possible.
Urinalysis is most often conducted to check for kidney problems, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and even diabetes in children. A urinalysis is a comprehensive screening of your child’s urine that includes checking its appearance and color, pH levels, abnormal odor, whether it contains unusual bacteria, germs, crystals, casts, or cells in it, and whether substances that should normally not appear in urine are present. These substances can include glucose, bilirubin, ketones, excessive protein, and blood. Once your child’s pediatrician has examined the concentration, appearance, and content of your child’s urine, they will be able to determine whether their results are indicative of a more serious medical condition.
Urinalysis is performed often at doctor’s offices and hospitals to check a patient’s overall health, diagnose a medical problem, or to monitor one. Your child’s urinalysis is a simple and safe procedure. Unlike a blood draw, there are no scary needles for your child to contend with. However, depending on how old your child is, they may need your help in order to properly collect the urine sample needed. For most urinalysis, no special preparation is required. However, occasionally, you may receive specific instructions from your child’s pediatrician regarding food and drink and it is important to follow these expectations.
Collection of urine will require your child to urinate into a container provided by their pediatrician. The best method for collecting urine will require your child to begin urinating and then pass the collection container into the urine stream. If your child is too young to be able to do this on their own, you may need to help them maneuver the collection container. Urinalysis will require 1-2 ounces of your child’s urine be collected.
There are three components to a urinalysis. Visual examination is a simple process where a technician will visually inspect the sample, looking for any cloudiness or strange odor, blood, or unusual coloring. A dipstick is a thin plastic stick that is placed into the urine sample to detect certain abnormalities that may be found in the urine. The dipstick is covered with chemical compounds that will react by changing color if certain substances are present in the urine sample at abnormal levels. The final portion of urinalysis will involve a microscopic exam where several drops of the urine sample will be examined under a microscope to check for crystals, yeast or bacteria, red and white blood cells, and casts. Casts are tube-shaped proteins that may be a sign of kidney dysfunction.
While urinalysis is an important diagnostic tool, it often does not form a complete picture for your child’s pediatrician. This means that other testing may required at the same time or following a urinalysis. Screening your child’s urine can be an important first step to ruling out certain illnesses, or toward an important diagnosis. At Pediatrics of Long Island, we are proud to offer urinalysis to families in Greater Brentwood, Lindenhurst and Patchogue as an important part of providing for their child’s overall health and well-being.